By R. M. Natal Jorge, Sonia M. Santos, João Manuel R. S. Tavares
The purpose of Biodental Engineering is to solidify wisdom of bioengineering utilized to dentistry. Dentistry is a department of drugs with its personal peculiarities and intensely assorted components of motion, and lately a number of new suggestions and applied sciences were brought. This booklet is a set of keynote lectures and entire papers from Biodental 2009 (Porto, Portugal, 26-27 June 2009). The contributions are from 9 nations and supply a entire assurance of the present state of the art on a number of medical and suitable fields, such as: Biomechanical issues Orthodontics Implantology Aesthetics Dental platforms clinical units clinical pictures The concepts and methodologies lined during this publication comprise, between others, the finite point technique, experimental thoughts, composite fabrics, medical experiences, biomaterials, quick prototyping, fracture mechanics, osseointegration, biomechanics, dental prostheses, snapshot processing and research, dental structures and equipments and mechanical biology. The booklet comes in handy to dentists, engineers, researchers and scholars in fields of bioengineering, and to providers and services of clinical platforms, apparatus and companies related to dentistry.
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Extra resources for Biodental Engineering
Bone remodeling (BR) is the physiological process by which bone adapts itself to the mechanical environment. Recently, the authors have developed a mathematical model of bone remodeling, which is used in this work to study the behavior of periimplant bone and the influence of the diameter and length of a dental implant on its long-term stability. Porosity and microstructural damage of the periimplant bone are the variables analyzed here to characterize the quality of bone. The results show that damage and porosity increase as length and especially as diameter decrease.
In the first step, dental images in the surroundings of the CEJ are digitally processed by the segmentation method, in order to identify the damage. In the second step, the stress state is analyzed in the critical zones—evidenced in the previous step—by the finite element method, in order to numerically evaluate the risk of failure. INTRODUCTION In the last few years the improvement in digital image acquisition devices had allowed some attempts to quantitatively assess changes in teeth by image analysis techniques.
Improved computer and modelling techniques render the finite element method (FEM) a very reliable and accurate approach in biomechanical applications. The aim of this paper is to outline a computerized two-step procedure for detection of damage due to non-carious cervical lesions (NCCL) in human premolars. These lesions are characterized by the loss of dental hard tissue at the cementenamel junction (CEJ) (Rees 2002, Levitch et al. 1994). In the first step, dental images in the surroundings of the CEJ are digitally processed by the segmentation method, in order to identify the damage.
Biodental Engineering by R. M. Natal Jorge, Sonia M. Santos, João Manuel R. S. Tavares