By Jaideep Kumar Bisht, Vijay Singh Meena, Pankaj Kumar Mishra, Arunava Pattanayak
This booklet showcases a compilation of case experiences awarded through scientists, lecturers and lecturers and covers modern applied sciences for struggling with weather swap, together with sustainable agricultural administration practices and conservation agriculture. It highlights the occasions that destiny generations within the Indian Himalayas will face, and addresses the main demanding situations for tomorrow’s generations of their efforts to make sure adequate foodstuff construction for the worldwide inhabitants. It additionally sheds gentle at the elements which are frequently overlooked in reference to agricultural administration practices for sustainable nutrients construction and threat review. finally, it illustrates the necessity to boost a finished grasp plan for strategic making plans, together with conservation agriculture practices that tackle poverty and nutrition safety within the wake of weather switch impacts.
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Additional resources for Conservation Agriculture: An Approach to Combat Climate Change in Indian Himalaya
Agric Ecosyst Environ 187:11–32 Brouder SM, Gomez-Macpherson H (2014) The impact of conservation agriculture on smallholder agricultural yields: a scoping review of the evidence. Agric Ecosyst Environ 187:11–32 Busari MA, Kukal SS, Kaur A, Bhatt R, Dulazi AA (2015) Conservation tillage impacts on soil, crop and the environment. Int Soil Water Conserv Res 3:119–129 Cairns JE, Hellin J, Sonder K, Araus JL, MacRobert JF, Thierfelder C, Prasanna BM (2013) Adapting maize production to climate change in sub-Saharan Africa.
CA involves three linked principles, viz. e. reduced tillage (RT) or zero till/no tillage (NT) and direct seeding; and (iii) diversified, efficient and economically viable crop rotations and such type of rotations that contribute to maintaining soil biodiversity (Kassam et al. 2009). The CA can improve agriculture through improvement in water infiltration, enhanced ground water storage, reduced soil erosion, improved soil aggregates and reduced soil compaction through promotion of biological tillage, enrichment in soil organic carbon (SOC), moderated soil temperatures and enhanced microbial diversity and weed suppression; it also helps to reduce cost of production, saves time, increases yield through timely planting, reduces diseases and pests through stimulation of biological diversity and reduces greenhouse gas (GHGs) emissions.
Tillage is claimed to be one of main sources of GHGs emitted in the atmosphere resulting in climate change which, in turn, negatively affects agricultural production (Six et al. 2004); thus, promoting agricultural practices that mitigate climate change by reducing GHGs emissions is important (Hobbs and Govaerts 2010). The hill agriculture is facing a shift from subsistence agriculture to profitable crop production. The IHR have a great potential of conservation of natural resources and environmental preservation; adoption of CA would face multiple tradeoffs.
Conservation Agriculture: An Approach to Combat Climate Change in Indian Himalaya by Jaideep Kumar Bisht, Vijay Singh Meena, Pankaj Kumar Mishra, Arunava Pattanayak