By Adam S. Francisco
Drawing upon an enormous array of Martin Luther's writings whereas additionally focusing upon a number of key texts, this ebook illuminates the Reformers notion on Islam, and thereby presents clean perception into his position within the heritage of Christian-Muslim kinfolk
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Extra info for Martin Luther and Islam: A Study in Sixteenth-Century Polemics and Apologetics (The History of Christian-Muslim Relations)
The ﬁrst began at creation with Adam, the second with King Uzziah (eighth century BC), which ‘ﬂourished under the Gospel’, and the third at the time of St. Benedict (c. 57 Within this conceptual periodisation of history he identiﬁed even more patterns that he thought were revealed in the Bible, particularly from John’s Apocalypse. For example, the seven-headed dragon in chapter 12 suggested to him that the New Testament church’s history was divided sevenfold, and each division corresponded to seven diﬀerent human rulers and seven corresponding periods of persecution.
At ﬁrst he sought to take Belgrade while the Hungarians were busy warding oﬀ the Habsburg forces of Emperor Maximilian I, but he had to call oﬀ the attack due to fears of a Polish attack on Moldavia and the Black Sea coast. Bayezit began, instead, to provoke Venice by capturing several of its ports. 8 The ports that they had captured and retained, 5 Shaw proposes that this ended ‘what might have been an entirely new area of Muslim expansion’ (History, 70). N. Fischer, The Foreign Relations of Turkey, 1481–1512 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1948), 49.
With winter fast approaching and the Austrians showing no sign of surrender, in spite of the considerable damage incurred upon the city, Süleyman decided to return to Istanbul. Before leaving, though, Turkish raiders had managed to cross the Alps into Bavaria and Bohemia, sending Germany into a panic. 18 A contemporary German account posits the same. 19 Less than a year after the ﬁrst siege on Vienna Ferdinand invaded Hungary again, taking Buda on 23 December 1530. Although Süleyman wanted to focus on Ottoman aﬀairs, he soon decided it would be expedient not only ‘to restore the situation in Hungary but to destroy the German Empire and make it clear that the sultan of the Ottomans Shaw, History, 93.
Martin Luther and Islam: A Study in Sixteenth-Century Polemics and Apologetics (The History of Christian-Muslim Relations) by Adam S. Francisco