By Alan H. Sommerstein, Isabelle C. Torrance
The oath used to be an establishment of primary value throughout quite a lot of social interactions through the historical Greek global, creating a the most important contribution to social balance and concord; but there was no complete, devoted scholarly examine of the topic for over a century. This quantity of a two-volume learn explores how oaths functioned within the operating of the Greek city-state (polis) and in kinfolk among varied states in addition to among Greeks and non-Greeks.
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Additional info for Oath and State in Ancient Greece
49 Mikalson 2005, 143. When discussing these ‘deities’ Cole (2004, 29) observes that communities shared the food of a common soil and water from a common source, and suggests that the produce of the land invoked here represent these common food sources. 51 Alcibiades encouraged the Athenians to see this as entitling the Athenians to empire: Plutarch (Alc. 52 Alcibiades was by no means the only Athenian political leader to make political capital out of the oath. 53 As noted above, if we can trust Plato at all, it may be that Socrates used his obedience to the oath as part of his defence in his trial for impiety.
23 For a recent re-examination of the different clauses see Koch 1995–6, 279–80. 24 Rhodes 1972, 193. 25 Rhodes 1972, 193. 42 3 Oaths of office sworn to their advantage. But whereas the orators would remind the jurors themselves of an oath they had sworn in order to encourage them to see things their way, the speaker of Lysias’ Against Philon reminds the members of the council that he himself had sworn an oath “to give the best advice to the city…and to expose anyone who has been appointed by lot whom we know to be unsuitable to serve in the boulē”, and informs them that he is going to deliver the accusation against Philon in accordance with that oath.
Like Ducat, Schwartz sees these as secular punishments. But this approach relies on a very Athenocentric view of the term atimia, which is not particularly surprising given that so many of our sources are Athenian in origin. e. as a loss of honour, we can draw a rather different conclusion about what being a trembler might mean. If being a ‘trembler’ meant not loss of citizen duties, but being “disgraced”, “worthless”, or “honourless” the crime could be 68 Pritchett (1974, 235–6) sees the ‘tremblers’ as undergoing a civic trial (by kings, ephors and elders).
Oath and State in Ancient Greece by Alan H. Sommerstein, Isabelle C. Torrance