By Timothy Pettipiece
Found in 1929, the Manichaean Kephalaia have unfolded a major window at the early improvement of Manichaean doctrine. This examine identifies an important redactional tendency wherein the compilers of the textual content sought to explain ambiguities in "canonical" Manichaean culture by way of five-part numerical sequence. This discovery demanding situations the normal knowledge of Manichaean scholarship, which has lengthy maintained that, on the grounds that Mani recorded his personal teachings in a chain of what later grew to become canonical writings, Manichaean doctrines have been transmitted fairly unchanged from the grasp to successive generations of disciples. considering this assumption is now referred to as into query, it now turns into essential to think again acquired notions concerning the form of either the Manichaean "canon" and "tradition."
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Additional resources for Pentadic Redaction in the Manichaean Kephalaia (Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies)
He will act as in your sharp Considerations . ”37 They are also mentioned by al-Nad¯ım (Fihrist, 777 [Dodge]). 19–20 [Scher], al-Nad¯ım), also known as the “Five Ditches” (panz kand¯ar) (Shabuhragan M 98/99 [Boyce y, 61]) and the “Five Hells” (panz duˇsox) (Shabuhragan M 7980– 7984 [Boyce y, 66]). As we shall see, there was some confusion among the compilers as to which demonic power held jurisdiction over these domains. 8, 22 [Scher]) who are said to devour the Five Sons of First Man. Presumably the demonic powers who rule the five worlds.
As such, in order to understand how five-part patterns contribute to the function and originality of the Kephalaia, this study will examine the occurrence of both explicit and implicit five-part structures in order to discover how the compilers shaped, expanded, and redacted canonical material in an eﬀort to communicate their own particular themes and concerns. chapter one BASIC ONTOLOGICAL PATTERNING The Two Trees and the Five Limbs There can be no denying that the foundation of Manichaeism is to be found in the doctrine of the Two Natures, since this concept served as the basis for Manichaean ontology, cosmology, and ethics.
16 [Scher]). In Syriac, the word ˆ the “dwelling-place” or “presence” of divinity, as in a temple or shrine (Payne-Smith, 576b). In Theodore’s account, the ethereal shekinahs of the Father are contrasted with ) of the King of Darkness. Why the shekinahs were the more concrete “worlds” ( understood as “Limbs” (mmelos) by the compilers remains a bit of a puzzle, since when associated with the Father of Greatness they would be more properly understood as “aeons” (naiwn). This is, in fact, precisely how they are characterized in the Coptic version of Mani’s Living Gospel (Funk, personal communication).
Pentadic Redaction in the Manichaean Kephalaia (Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies) by Timothy Pettipiece