By Witold Liss
;Polikarpov I-16[Aircraft Profile 122] КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Название: Polikarpov I-16 Автор: Witold Liss Серия: airplane Profile 122 Издательство: Profile courses Ltd Год издания: 1966 Страниц:12 Формат: PDF в rarЯзык: английский Размер: 7.67 Мб Для сайта: Мир книгЛегендарный "ишачок", основной истребитель Красной армии в начале Второй мировой, был создан в 1933 году, серийно производился с 1934. И-16 создавался как скоростной маневренный истребитель, последние модификации несли достаточно мощное вооружение - две пушки и два пулемета, мог нести реактивные снаряды. Впервые применялся в боевых действиях в Испанииifolder.ru.com zero
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1 shows, by 1949 they had established a new production record Soviet Control Inside but Capitalist Outside As production increased, so did the amount of administrative control emanating from Moscow. In the early days, however, there was more control in principle than in practice. Theoretically control over industry was centered in the Supreme Council of the National Economy (VSNKH), which was created shortly after the revolution in 1917. 43 The CPK (the forerunner of the Council of Ministers) also created the Chief Oil Committee (Glavny Neftianoi Komitet) under the VSNKH on May 17, 1918.
Petroleum could be pushed out of the Russian market, the Nobels—Robert and his brother Ludwig— had to find some way to facilitate the shipment of their petroleum and kerosene from Baku to the urban centers of Moscow and St. Petersburg. Just as during the Crimean War it was easier to move troops from Paris and London to the Crimea than from St. Petersburg and Moscow, so it was easier to move kerosene from the United States to St. Petersburg than it was from Baku. Seeking a way to facilitate the flow of Russian oil to the north, in 1878 Ludwig, designed a pipeline to carry crude oil from the well to their refinery and then on to the Caspian Sea.
52 Moreover, the relative earnings of timber exports exceeded those of petroleum throughout the 1920s and 1930s, often by a substantial margin. For that matter there were years such as 1922–1923, 1926–1927, 1930, 1931, 1937, 1938, and 1940 when grain earned more than petroleum despite poor harvests and widespread famine. Russia as an Early Energy Superpower 29 The fall-off in petroleum exports after 1932 was due to the depression that afflicted all exports. 8 billion rubles in 1931 and kept falling yearly (except for 1937) until they reached a mere 462 million rubles in 1939.
Polikarpov I-16 by Witold Liss