By John B. Dunlop
This e-book presents the heritage essential to comprehend the explanations for the Russian army invasion of Chechnya in December 1994. The historical past of the Chechens is traced conscientiously, and their sufferings lower than the tsars and communists are documented. The position of the Chechen chief, Dudaev, and the breakdown in negotiations in 1994 are tested heavily, because the writer asks even if this sour clash may possibly feasibly were kept away from.
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Additional resources for Russia Confronts Chechnya: Roots of a Separatist Conflict
21. Baddeley, Russian Conquest, p. xxxvii. , pp. 114-15. , p. 266. 87 Gammer, Muslim Resistance, pp. 21-22. , p. 20. 88 As Ronald Wixman and other specialists have stressed, the Chechens did not, in the nineteenth century, possess a national identity. Rather they had a sense of being "Caucasian," based on a geographical concept of their home region, and on a culture, religion, and way of life which they shared with the other Muslim peoples of the North Caucasus. 89 Religion Before the coming of General Yermolov to the Caucasus, the Chechens were Muslims, but of a variety heavily admixed with paganism.
112. , p. 122. 5 Ibid. Soviet genocide 41 characteristics of a Muslim gazavat. The nominal leader of the revolt was Said-Bek, a great-grandson of Imam Shamir. The political and spiritual leader of the revolt was an Avar, Najmuddin of Hotso (Gotsinskii), who, as we saw in chapter 1 (pp. 37-39), had been elected imam of Dagestan and Chechnya in August 1917. 6 The war between the Reds and the mountaineers lasted for about a year, but the rebellion was finally quelled only in 1925, when, as we shall see, the Bolsheviks succeeded in capturing Najmuddin and other surviving Naqshbandi sheikhs who had taken refuge in Chechnya.
5 In August, a rebellion broke out which had all the traditional 1 2 3 4 In Robert Conquest, The Nation Killers, 2nd edn. (New York: Macmillan, 1970), p. 170. , The North Caucasus Barrier (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992), p. 184. Broxup, "The Last Ghazawat: The 1920-1921 Uprising," in Broxup, North Caucasus Barrier, p. 112. , p. 122. 5 Ibid. Soviet genocide 41 characteristics of a Muslim gazavat. The nominal leader of the revolt was Said-Bek, a great-grandson of Imam Shamir. The political and spiritual leader of the revolt was an Avar, Najmuddin of Hotso (Gotsinskii), who, as we saw in chapter 1 (pp.
Russia Confronts Chechnya: Roots of a Separatist Conflict by John B. Dunlop