This record evaluates how good EECCA international locations have performed in making sure peoples entry to enough water provide and sanitation prone seeing that their financial, Finance, and surroundings Ministers followed the Almaty Guiding ideas to help such efforts in 2000. in addition to traits within the technical and monetary functionality of the water region, the document analyses the result of institutional reforms at various degrees of governance, in addition to financing preparations. research focuses usually on city parts, yet many of the demanding situations in rural parts also are tested. The record attracts coverage strategies to aid international locations stem the decline within the sectors functionality that has happened over the past decade, regardless of possibilities supplied via speedy fiscal development in lots of EECCA international locations during this interval.
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Additional resources for Ten Years of Water Sector Reform in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia
RECENT TRENDS AND CURRENT STATU US – 39 Measuring water los losses per kilometre of network is a reliable indicator or of the quality of the infrastructure. The figure below shows how w performance in Moldova ova varies across different categories of settlements. s. Expressing the results in this form stresses the importance of reducing losses es for the larger cities. By y comparison, c the average of the 20 water companies es in the UK loose 7m3/km/ m/d, ten times less than in Chisinau (Moldova).
2. The data from the graph below is from IBNET and may show a more optimistic situation as this data is for a sample of utilities whereas data in OECD, 2010b, are government statistics for the entire country 3. Non-revenue water is defined as the difference between water supplied and water sold expressed as a percentage of net water supplied; as volume of water “lost” per km of water distribution network per day; and volume of water “lost” per water connection per day. 4. See Chapter 4 for additional discussion of the sources of revenues for the sector.
Given that tariffs are low, water services are usually affordable for a vast majority of consumers, which most likely contribute to this good payment records. Industrial billing and collection is reported to be 100% in all countries. Collection rates for household tariffs are rising everywhere, especially when metering is implemented. However, collection rates tend to drop dramatically when tariffs increase rapidly. g. Uzbekistan, collection rate is higher than billing due to the repayment of outstanding debts accumulated in previous years.
Ten Years of Water Sector Reform in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia by OECD